U.S. President Barack Obama has decided to turn the second half of 2011 and gradually withdraw combat troops from Afghanistan. Although the White House, Congress, the Pentagon and the U.S. military depot in Afghanistan between the four are still differences of opinion on when the withdrawal, however solitary thing is certain, in response to global and local areas are more complex and sensitive security situation, and taking into recital America’s own security interests, Obama and the Pentagon on the re-deployment and implementation strategy for U.S. worldwide important situation will steadily. Among them, continue to maintain and extend the U.S. military in Central Asia and effective military presence in Eurasia is one of the priorities of this strategy.
It is headquartered in Moscow, the Russian think tank, “Strategic Enculturation Foundation” (Strategic Culture Foundation) researcher Alexander Shustov (Alexander Shustov) published this month in Russia, “International Affairs” magazine (International Affairs) of the article said, to 2016, U.S. Central Command, plans to invest nearly 40 billion U.S. dollars, in five major European and Asian, Central Asian countries have authenticated dozens of military training base, early tocsin radar station, multi-purpose military helicopter hangar and purlieus security checkpoints. At the same time, the Pentagon more plans to withdraw from Afghanistan after the withdrawal of U.S. troops, still in the deployment of cream troops in Central Asia, including the four battalions of troops, under the U.S. Special Forces Airborne Bifurcation III.
The article said, at this stage the U.S. Central Command’s “anti-drug fund” will economize more than $ 40 million in Kyrgyzstan furthermore Tajikistan to establish a reinforcements training base in Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Kyrgyzstan to create varied helicopter hangar, Dog Center, sniper training centers and border posts, but only at the cost of improvements and the construction of border check points on the $ 10 million. There are two border posts which the most notable: one is built in southeastern Turkmenistan, true near the Iranian border, Sela Si (Serahs) border posts. Because the border with Iran, which can voltooien used to directly monitor the Iranian border post, and in the event like the outbreak about the war in Iraq, the U.S. can immediately become a critical base; the other is in the Fergana Basin, Kyrgyz from the Batken (Batken) near the border posts. Fergana Basin, Central Asia, the “three forces” activities of the most prevalent areas, but also Uzbekistan nonconformist organization “Islamic Movement” of the headquarters location. Therefore, the U.S. army in setting up border posts will help to assist the state-controlled combat revolutionary activities. The article said that even if U.S. rearguard operations in Afghanistan arrival to an end, but this does not mean that U.S. forces will be completely, completely out regarding Afghanistan. For example, the Pentagon is near the Uzbekistan limbate areas of Afghanistan Mazar (Mazar-i-Sharif, Kabul, 275 kilometers from the Uzbek city of Te Mizi 56 km), the use of billions of dollars to build an area of six hectares of “special operations mixed “facilities. The facility plan in 18 months, the construction of a joint operations proclamation center, barracks areas, communication centers, strategic command centers, medical centers, training centers, equipment repair centers and several storage facilities. U.S. military plans of the facility was officially opened in the first half of 2012.
In addition, the article also revealed that U.S. military also plans in the Caucasus Narayanan, especially the establishment of early warning radar stations in Georgia, and configure the camp ground and build a naval base.
From the above situation, although the U.S. military announced the withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2011, however, start a new round of U.S. troops deployed in Central Asia and military monitoring facilities, and large will be a directionality threat to Russia’s security interests in Central Asia , especially for Russia, this means consequent the United States in October 2001 launched the war in Afghanistan to the U.S. military-led worldwide coalition, “naturally” into Central Asia, Russia will once bis face the long-term U.S. military presence in its established strategic backyard of the situation, Russia will continue to face from the “NATO expansion” et al “U.S. West” dual strategic security challenges.
Of course, Russia’s strategic intent of the U.S. task force has maintained a high standard of vigilance, but also took active countermeasures. For example, in Kyrgyzstan’s new interim government in place, Russia is considering the re-start the country in the guitar for a second military bases. It has been revealed that in mid-October this year, after parliamentary elections Ji, Ji Guozheng Russia’s government will formally propose to the state ere in the southern Osh Jalal-Abad, the construction of warlike training camp program. Russia plans to the CIS Group Security Treaty Organization’s rapid reaction oust training, placement in a newness military base in this. It is signally that Moscow’s idea of this new military bases, mainly to balance, to contain Russia et cetera the U.S. military presence in Significant Asia as a important purpose.
In Afghanistan, Russia has been actively involved in Afghanistan’s security, “to return to Afghanistan!” Has almost become Russia’s Central Asia in a large way to the main strategy, rather than an empty slogan. The fact that is the case. Currently, from Russia, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Tajikistan heads of state, is held in the Russian resort of Sochi summit. Russian Voorzitter Dmitry Medvedev to make recommendations, in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Tajikistan, “the economic revitalization of the former Soviet Union Project”, to deepen energy cooperation with these countries. Russia is trying to use the depth of the economic aspects of cooperation, and the three Russian nationwide security and social stability of countries is essential to establish a new strategic partnership. Of course, Russia’s strength is clearly not the economy, yet the military. At this point, Russia has repeatedly publicly pledged to Afghanistan, “the MiG-17” helicopter. This month, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said Monday that Russia willful cause a decision on the matter within two months. According to the Russian program, testate provide Afghanistan with 27 “MiG-17” helicopter, which the first three “free” gift, and the other 24 will be in the purchase oral signed with NATO after the delivery of the Afghan government. In addition, Lavrov also clear that the maintenance of stability operations to support the Afghan government, “(Russia), the Afghan Interior Ministry will transfer a number of recent arms and ammunition, and to strengthen the training of personnel.” It is reported that Russia’s transfer of these weapons “completely free of charge.”
It is noteworthy that, in Russia in a big way to deploy its military forces in Central Asia while the region’s two main security organizations – the Collective Security Treaty Format and Shanghai Cooperation Organization – in their different ways are also involved in Central Asia security affairs, and by the Russian-led Collective Security Organization are more active. In contrast, within the SCO because of the inherent contradictions, inefficiencies and action between Member States lack a solid foundation of mutual trust, is seriously affecting the organization’s actual effectiveness in the region to play.